Dante and Virgil arrive at the next circle of Hell and look down into the valley at a site of carnage. These sinners include those who sewed schism in religion, and political figures who sewed discord in Italian politics. One of the most incredible characters is Bertrand De Born, who sewed discord between family members, separating father from son (causing a quarrel between King Henry II and his son Prince Henry). Bertrand is decapitated by a devil and must travel carrying his head in his upraised hand like a lantern.
As Dante and Virgil continue to walk down to the pit of Hell, they see sinners now completely encased in the ice. They are frozen alive for eternity in various contortions and positions, unable to even speak. In the distance Dante sees what looks to him like a windmill. As they get closer, they see it is Satan, flapping his bat-like wings, frozen in the water from the chest down.
Dante and Virgil enter a rocky area filled with holes. Sticking out of these holes are twitching legs and feet with flames coming off them. This is the circle of the Simonists, those who sold church offices. Dante has a bizarre conversation with one of it’s inhabitants (who is stuffed into a hole).